Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment Program: New York City
This factsheet is based on past evaluation data contained in the ITS Knowledge Resources database at: www.itskrs.its.dot.gov. The database is maintained by the U.S. DOT’s ITS JPO Evaluation Program to support informed decision making regarding ITS investments by tracking the effectiveness of deployed ITS. The factsheet presents benefits, costs and lessons learned from past evaluations of ITS projects.
Connected vehicles are poised to transform our streets, communities, and personal lives. But first, we must tackle deployment challenges head on and provide interested regions with examples of success stories and champions. The U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) is taking on this challenge by investing in a regional pilot deployment program that is not only accelerating deployment but also uncovering what barriers remain and how to address them. This program will help ensure that this revolutionary technology can meet its fullest potential in the near future.
In September of 2015, USDOT selected New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT), Wyoming Department of Transportation (WYDOT) and Tampa Hillsborough Expressway Authority (THEA) as the recipients of a combined $42 million in federal funding to implement a suite of connected vehicle applications and technologies tailored to meet their region’s unique transportation needs. These pilot sites will help connected vehicles make the final leap into real-world deployment so that they can deliver on their promises of increasing safety and improving mobility. Moreover, these sites will lay the groundwork for even more dramatic transformations as other areas follow in their footsteps.
The sites are conducting the pilots in three Phases. Under Phase 1, the sites spent 12 months preparing a comprehensive deployment concept that was suitable for further design, building, testing, and operation. This comprehensive concept included identifying specific performance measures, targets and capabilities associated with performance monitoring and performance management. In Phase 2, the sites embarked on a 20-month phase of activity to design, build and test the nation's most complex and extensive deployment of integrated wireless in-vehicle, mobile device, and roadside technologies. In Phase 3, the tested pilot deployment applications and technologies will be placed into operational practice, where the impact of the deployment on a set of key performance measures will be monitored and reported.
New York City Pilot Overview 
The NYCDOT leads the New York City Pilot, which aims to improve the safety of travelers and pedestrians in the city through the deployment of V2V and V2I connected vehicle technologies.
This objective directly aligns with the city’s Vision Zero initiative, which seeks to reduce crashes and pedestrian fatalities and increase the safety of travelers in all modes of transportation. NYCDOT’s planned deployment provides an ideal opportunity to evaluate connected vehicle technology and applications in tightly-spaced intersections typical in a dense urban transportation system and is anticipated to be the largest connected vehicle technology deployment to date. The NYCDOT CV Pilot Deployment project area encompasses three distinct areas in the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn.
The CV Pilots were each required to submit a Comprehensive Deployment Plan under Phase 2. This plan describes the approach to complete the Phase 2 Design/Build/Test, and Phase 3 Operate and Maintain activities of the program. In the plan are details about the design approach, procurement, development, integration, testing, and final readiness demonstration. Additional details address the preparation of project plans to secure, operate, and maintain the system and protect privacy. A Cost Summary was also included in the plan to provide insight into the types of costs anticipated for this project (Cost ID: 2017-00385).
These costs are broken into broad categories in the table below. The top four categories based on anticipated cost volume are:
Table 1: High Level Phase 2 and Phase 3 Costs for the New York City Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment by Expense Category
|In Vehicle and Roadside Devices||$6,276,000|
|Performance Measurement Labor and Hardware||$2,690,003|
|Software Development and Support||$1,510,065|
|Travel and ODC||$389,900|
Include technical, operations, and legal personnel in stakeholder meetings to address the requirements of the CV deployment and ensure that participants' privacy is being maintained (Lesson ID: 2017-00794)
To ensure stakeholders that driver privacy would be maintained, the team eventually came up with a solution that involved scrubbing the detailed latitude and longitude data recorded by the on board unit and converting it to an undefined Cartesian coordinate system for storage and later evaluation. Using this method, each event data set would still be recorded with full precision for all trajectory points relative to each other in the same event data set, but they would not be tied to an exact real-world coordinate. This removed the detailed location data that could be tied to accident records but still preserved all relative details about vehicle movements and driver actions taken in response to the Connected Vehicle application warnings to ensure proper evaluation of the system.
 Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment Program. New York City Pilot. https://www.its.dot.gov/pilots/pilots_nycdot.htm. Last Accessed: January 24, 2018.