Allow for increased coordination with the Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee (IRAC) early on in the DSRC licensing process to help reduce what is traditionally a very lengthy process.

Success Stories from the USDOT’s Connected Vehicle Pilot Program.


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Lesson Learned

The New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT) led Connected Vehicle (CV) Pilot program has completed an 18-month Federal Communications Commission (FCC) licensing process to use Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) to support vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication. The NYC CV Pilot project is one of the first CV projects to go through the licensing process and has presented valuable lessons learned to stakeholders in the CV deployment community. The project had 353 sites in three distinct areas in the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn where CV equipment using DSRC communication would be deployed and require FCC licenses to operate.

The FCC has established licensing and service rules for DSRC for ITS in the 5.9 GHz band. According to the FCC, the ITS services on that band shares co-primary status with radio services for high-powered military communications and fixed satellite communication, as well as secondary services designated for amateurs and Industrial, Scientific and Medical equipment. Use of federal government designated radio spectrum requires CV deployers to obtain licenses from the FCC to operate within the band and coordinate with local services to ensure there is no interference. Unintentional radio interference would cause safety concerns both for the CV deployment and nearby services such as airports.

The Roadside Units (RSU) deployed by NYCDOT were Class C devices that required the full channel range for communications. This required NYCDOT to put in three license applications per RSU deployment site in order to license the full channel range, for nearly 1000 licenses in total. The licensing process took about 18 months for NYCDOT to complete. The process took such a long period of time because NYCDOT found that there is currently no batch processing capability for these applications. Each of the nearly 1000 applications had to be entered into the FCC Online Application form one-at-a-time. The process was also lengthened by required coordination with the aviation communication services within 75 kilometers of the deployment site. In New York City that meant coordination with four airports: LaGuardia, JFK, Newark and Teterboro, as well as four heliports and a seaplane base.

A breakthrough came when NYCDOT was able to obtain an Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee (IRAC) geographic coordination waiver to expedite the process. The IRAC geographic coordination waiver allowed NYCDOT to work directly with the IRAC to help speed up coordination with the Federal Aviation Administration and National Telecommunications and Information Administration. NYCDOT is now working with USDOT and the FCC to improve the license request process using the lessons they learned in completing the process.

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Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment Program: Success Stories

Author: Glassco, Rick; James O'Hara; Barbara Staples; Kathy Thompson; and Peiwei Wang

Published By: USDOT Office of the Secretary for Research and Deployment

Source Date: 11/01/2017

URL: https://www.its.dot.gov/pilots/success_lessonslearned.htm

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Kathy Thompson


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Lessons From This Source

Allow for increased coordination with the Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee (IRAC) early on in the DSRC licensing process to help reduce what is traditionally a very lengthy process.

Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment Program yields program management best practices for integrating and testing large disparate systems.

Connected vehicles should rely on more than one data feed to determine accurate location and speed

Consider installing additional vehicle detection equipment if it is determined that there is not sufficient market penetration for CV traffic signal control applications to work at their full potential

Facing a gap in standards interpretation, the Tampa and New York City Connected Vehicle Pilot Sites worked together to harmonize message structure for pedestrian safety applications.

For pedestrian safety warning applications, opt to collect pedestrian location data from LIDAR sensors instead of pedestrian mobile devices that often have insufficient accuracy.

Incentivize participation in CV deployments through benefits such as toll discounts

Include technical, operations, and legal personnel in stakeholder meetings to address the requirements of the CV deployment and ensure that participants' privacy is being maintained

Incorporate standardized over-the-air update procedures to permit efficient firmware updates for connected vehicle devices.

Obtain working prototypes of CV applications from the USDOT’s Open Source Application Data Portal (OSADP) to prevent time spent doing duplicative software development

Prevent the need for channel switching (a safety hazard) by designing CV communications to include dual radios in each vehicle

Publish all CV planning documentation to serve as an example for other early deployers to follow

The Tampa Connected Vehicle Pilot Program investigates damage to roadside units (RSUs) near lightning strikes and improves transient surge immunity by verifying nearby support structures are properly grounded.

The USDOT’s three Connected Vehicle Pilots successfully demonstrate cross-site over-the-air interoperability among six participating vendors.

Use local student mechanics where possible to perform CV equipment installations to provide students with required trainee experience and to contain costs

Use on-board connected vehicle (CV) technology and SPaT / MAP infrastructure messages to prevent wrong way entries on reversible express lanes.

When installing antennas on streetcars to support wireless connected vehicle applications, verify that radio performance is not compromised by interference from high-voltage power lines.

Lesson ID: 2018-00815